Pros and cons of section 8 company (Non Profit Organization)

A Section 8 Company, also known as a Non-Profit Organization (NPO), is a type of business structure in India that is established for promoting commerce, art, science, sports, education, research, social welfare, religion, charity, or environmental protection. It operates with a not-for-profit motive and is governed by the Companies Act, 2013. Here are some pros and cons of a Section 8 company in India:

Also read: What are the different forms of businesses in India?


Limited liability:

Members of a Section 8 company have limited liability, which means their personal assets are not at risk to cover the company’s debts and liabilities. The liability of members is limited to the value of their shares in the company.

Tax benefits:

Section 8 companies can enjoy various tax exemptions and benefits, such as income tax exemptions and exemptions on donations received under sections 12A and 80G of the Income Tax Act.

Credibility and trust:

Section 8 companies are generally perceived as more credible and trustworthy by donors, funding agencies, and the public due to their not-for-profit motive and transparent operations.

Separate legal entity:

A Section 8 company is a separate legal entity, distinct from its members, which can provide the organization with more stability and continuity.

No minimum capital requirement:

Unlike private or public limited companies, there is no minimum capital requirement for starting a Section 8 company, making it more accessible for individuals or groups with limited resources.


Compliance requirements:

Section 8 companies are subject to various legal and regulatory requirements, including annual filings, statutory audits, and maintaining proper records. These compliance requirements can be time-consuming and costly.

Restriction on profit distribution:

Section 8 companies cannot distribute their profits as dividends to their members. Any surplus generated must be reinvested in the company for the promotion of its objectives.

Difficulty in raising funds:

Raising funds for a Section 8 company can be challenging, as it cannot issue shares to the public or attract external investors due to its not-for-profit nature.

Slow decision-making:

As Section 8 companies often have a board of directors and various committees, decision-making can be slow and cumbersome, particularly in larger organizations.

Potential for regulatory scrutiny:

Section 8 companies may be subject to increased scrutiny from regulatory authorities due to their not-for-profit status and the need to ensure that funds are being utilized for the intended purposes.


In conclusion, the decision to form a Section 8 company depends on factors such as the nature of the organization’s objectives, the desired level of liability protection, and the availability of resources for managing compliance requirements. It is essential to consult a legal or financial expert to understand the most suitable business structure for your specific needs.

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