How to get a private limited company registered in India?

Registering a private limited company in India involves a series of steps to ensure compliance with the Companies Act, 2013, and other applicable regulations. Here’s a step-by-step guide to getting a private limited company registered in India:

Also read: What are the different forms of businesses in India? | Pros and cons of private limited company in India

Obtain a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC):

All directors and shareholders must obtain a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) for signing electronic documents during the registration process. You can obtain a DSC from any authorized Certifying Authority (CA) in India.

Obtain a Director Identification Number (DIN):

Each director of the company must obtain a Director Identification Number (DIN) from the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA). You can apply for a DIN using the MCA portal ( by filling out the SPICe+ (Simplified Proforma for Incorporating a Company Electronically) form.

Name approval:

Apply for the approval of your company’s name by submitting the “Reserve Unique Name” (RUN) form on the MCA portal. The proposed name should be unique and not similar to existing companies or trademarks. You can check the availability of company names on the MCA portal.

Prepare incorporation documents:

Draft the Memorandum of Association (MoA) and Articles of Association (AoA) for your company. The MoA outlines the company’s objectives, while the AoA defines the rules and regulations governing the company’s internal management.

File the SPICe+ form:

Fill out the SPICe+ form on the MCA portal, which is a consolidated form for company registration. It includes sections for DIN allotment, name reservation, company incorporation, and other related services.

Attach required documents:

Attach the necessary documents, such as MoA, AoA, declarations from directors, proof of registered office address, identity proof, and address proof for all directors and subscribers.

Pay registration fees:

Pay the applicable registration fees based on your company’s authorized share capital. The fees can be paid online through the MCA portal.

Obtain the Certificate of Incorporation:

After reviewing your application and documents, the Registrar of Companies (RoC) will issue a Certificate of Incorporation, which serves as proof of your company’s registration. The certificate will include a unique Corporate Identification Number (CIN) for your company.

Apply for a Permanent Account Number (PAN) and Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN):

After obtaining the Certificate of Incorporation, you can apply for a PAN and TAN for your company. These can be applied for along with the SPICe+ form submission.

Open a bank account:

Open a bank account for your company to manage its financial transactions.

Obtain necessary licenses and registrations:

Depending on the nature of your business, you may need to obtain additional licenses, registrations, or permits, such as the Goods and Services Tax (GST) registration, Professional Tax registration, or Importer Exporter Code (IEC).

Keep in mind that it is essential to consult a legal or financial expert during the registration process to ensure compliance with all requirements and avoid any complications.

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