Pros and cons of Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) in India

A Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) is a hybrid business structure in India that combines elements of a partnership and a private limited company. It is governed by the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008. Here are some pros and cons of an LLP in India:

Also read: What are the different forms of businesses in India?


Limited liability:

In an LLP, partners have limited liability, which means their personal assets are not at risk to cover the LLP’s debts and liabilities. The liability of partners is limited to their investment in the LLP.

Flexibility in management:

LLPs offer more flexibility in their management and decision-making compared to private limited companies, as the partners can decide their roles and responsibilities through the LLP agreement.

Perpetual succession:

Like a private limited company, an LLP has perpetual succession, meaning its existence is not tied to the life of its partners. The LLP can continue to exist irrespective of changes in its partnership.

Tax benefits:

LLPs are generally subject to lower tax rates compared to private limited companies. The profits of an LLP are taxed at the entity level, and there is no dividend distribution tax, which can lead to tax savings for the partners.

Ease of compliance:

While LLPs have more compliance requirements than traditional partnerships, they usually have fewer legal and regulatory requirements compared to private limited companies, making them easier and less expensive to maintain.


Difficulty in raising capital:

LLPs may face challenges in raising capital compared to private limited companies, as they cannot issue shares to raise funds, and external investors may be more hesitant to invest in an LLP.

Lesser credibility:

While LLPs have more credibility than traditional partnerships, they may still be perceived as less credible than private limited companies by customers, suppliers, and financial institutions.

Transfer of ownership:

Transferring ownership in an LLP can be more complex than in a private limited company, as it requires amending the LLP agreement and obtaining consent from the existing partners.

Disclosure requirements:

LLPs are required to disclose their financial information and file annual returns with the Registrar of Companies (RoC), which may lead to a lack of privacy for the partners.

Restricted business activities:

Some business activities, such as non-banking financial services, may not be allowed for LLPs, which can limit the scope of businesses that can be conducted under this structure.


In conclusion, the decision to form an LLP depends on factors such as the size of the business, the desired level of liability protection, and the preferred management structure. It is essential to consult a legal or financial expert to determine the most suitable business structure for your specific needs.

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