Once a friend of mine asked me that which type of life insurance policy should he choose, for covering his life? I told him that there are various types of life insurance policies in the market and he should opt for a suitable policy which provides maximum benefit to him.
I started telling him that he should opt for a policy that caters all his requirements. Then I explained him the following types of life insurance policy:
Term insurance policy: A term policy is one in which an insured person has to pay a lower amount of premiums in comparison to other life insurance policies. These policies are usually taken for the period of 5, 10, 15, 20 or 30 years. If during that period, policy holder dies only then the beneficiary of the policy holder is given a specified sum mentioned in the contract. On the other hand if policy holder survives the policy period then nothing is returned to insured or his/ her beneficiary.
The amount of premiums are less for the younger ones and more for the older people as the chances of their death are more than the younger ones. For individuals who have crossed their 60s, it is almost unaffordable to pay the premiums of such a policy.
Endowment policy: Endowment policies are more popular policies in every corner of the world. It is because these policies provide the benefit of periodic premiums and a specified lump sum paid to the insured person even in case of the survival of the policy holder.
Insurance companies are mixing up these policies with other insurance policies to attract more customers. In many schemes, customers are provided with the option of investing their money into the various fund options provided by the insurer. These life insurance policies help the customer profit from rising markets.
Unit linked insurance plans (ULIPs): ULIPs are market linked life insurance policies that provide the policy holders double advantage of life cover and wealth maximization. These policies provide holders, the benefits of investing a part of their amount in the market products. Based upon the risk appetite of policy holder, these insurance policies provide a variety of fund options such as equity and debt instruments. The remaining part of the money paid by the insured is used to cover their life.
Money back policy: Preferred by many people, money back insurance policy provides the benefit of partial survival. It means that policy holders are provided periodic premiums of the sum assured. If during the tenure of the policy, the policy holder dies then the full amount is returned to the beneficiary without the deduction of money paid by the insurer at intervals. On the other hand if policy holders survive the tenure of this policy then they are paid the remaining amount of money, assured in the contract.
Annuity/ pension policy: This type of policy does not provide life insurance cover to the policy holders’ but merely provides a guaranteed income either for whole life of insured or for a specific time mentioned in the contract.
Policy holders have to pay a specific amount of money as premiums for a specific time period and after the end of such period, they are returned a specific amount of money periodically. In case of the death of policy holder or after the fixed annuity period expires for annuity payments, the policy holder are returned a sum assured in the contract.
Whole life policy: Validity of this insurance policy is not defined and thus whole life insurance policy covers policy holders until their death. It means that policy holders are covered throughout their life by such a policy.